The foundation consists of 10 major cloud types. In addition to cirrus, stratus, cumulus, and nimbus clouds, there are cirrostratus, cirrocumulus, altostratus, altocumulus, stratocumulus, nimbostratus, and cumulonimbus clouds. The following table places these cloud types into the four major cloud groups.
Considering this, what is the average height of a cloud?
The bases of mid-level clouds typically appear between 6,500 to 20,000 feet (2,000 to 6,000 meters). Because of their lower altitudes, they are composed primarily of water droplets, however, they can also be composed of ice crystals when temperatures are cold enough.
How low is the lowest cloud?
Height of base: 0 – 6,500 ft. Latin: stratus – flattened or spread out. Stratus clouds are very low-level grey layers or patches of clouds with fuzzy edges. They are the lowest clouds and sometimes appear at ground level in the form of mist or fog.
What is a high level of cloud?
Cloud Types. The highest clouds in the atmosphere are cirrocumulus, cirrus, and cirrostratus. Cumulonimbus clouds can also grow to be very high. Mid-level clouds include altocumulus and altostratus. The lowest clouds in the atmosphere are stratus, cumulus, and stratocumulus.
What is the lowest cloud?
Stratus clouds. Stratus clouds are very low-level grey layers or patches of clouds with fuzzy edges. They are the lowest clouds and sometimes appear at ground level in the form of mist or fog.
What are the highest clouds?
Visit the Cloud Gallery to see photos of the different cloud types.
The highest clouds in the atmosphere are cirrocumulus, cirrus, and cirrostratus.
Mid-level clouds include altocumulus and altostratus.
The lowest clouds in the atmosphere are stratus, cumulus, and stratocumulus.
What are the different types of cloud computing?
Based on a service that the cloud is offering, we are speaking of either:
or, Storage, Database, Information, Process, Application, Integration, Security, Management, Testing-as-a-service.
Why do we have white clouds?
Unlike scattering in the sky or ocean, in which molecules are so small they only scatter blue and violet light, water droplets are large enough the scatter the entire spectrum. That’s why clouds appear to be mostly white.
What are the four main types of clouds?
On Earth, there are four main types of clouds:
What are the clouds made of?
Clouds form when the invisible water vapour in the air condenses into visible water droplets or ice crystals. There is water around us all the time in the form of tiny gas particles, also known as water vapour. There are also tiny particles floating around in the air – such as salt and dust – these are called aerosols.
What is the Cumuliform clouds?
Cumulus clouds are often precursors of other types of clouds, such as cumulonimbus, when influenced by weather factors such as instability, moisture, and temperature gradient. Normally, cumulus clouds produce little or no precipitation, but they can grow into the precipitation-bearing congestus or cumulonimbus clouds.
How does a cirrus cloud form?
The most common form of high-level clouds are thin and often wispy cirrus clouds. Typically found at heights greater than 20,000 feet (6,000 meters), cirrus clouds are composed of ice crystals that originate from the freezing of supercooled water droplets.
Is a fog a cloud?
Clouds can form at many different altitudes. They can be as high as 12 miles above sea level or as low as the ground. Fog is a kind of cloud that touches the ground. Fog forms when the air near the ground cools enough to turn its water vapor into liquid water or ice.
How is a cloud named?
The root word “cirro” (meaning “curl”) describes a high cloud that is usually composed of wispy ice crystals. The Latin word “alto” (“high”) indicates a cloud in the middle of the troposphere that is below the high cirro-type clouds. The prefix or suffix “nimbus” (“rain”) denotes a cloud that is causing precipitation.
What is the stratus clouds?
A stratocumulus cloud is another type of a cumuliform or stratiform cloud. Like stratus clouds, they form at low levels; but like cumulus clouds, they form via convection.
How high are the clouds?
Clouds are classified into four basic categories, depending largely on the height of their bases above the ground. High-level clouds, called cirrus clouds, can reach heights of 20,000 feet (6,000 meters) and are typically thin. They do not produce rain and often indicate fair weather. They are usually made up of ice.
What is a Fractus cloud?
Fractus clouds (scuds) are small, ragged cloud fragments that are usually found under an ambient cloud base. They form or have broken off from a larger cloud, and are generally sheared by strong winds, giving them a jagged, shredded appearance. Common kinds include scud and cloud tags.
What is an alto cloud?
Altocumulus (From Latin Altus, “high”, cumulus, “heaped”) is a middle-altitude cloud genus that belongs mainly to the stratocumuliform physical category characterized by globular masses or rolls in layers or patches, the individual elements being larger and darker than those of cirrocumulus and smaller than those of
What is in the middle of a cloud?
Middle Clouds. The middle cloud group consists of Altostratus and Altocumulus clouds. Middle clouds are made of ice crystals and water droplets. The base of a middle cloud above the surface can be anywhere from 2000-8000m in the tropics to 2000-4000m in the polar regions.
What is high clouds made of?
The high cloud group consists of Cirrus, Cirrostratus, and Cirrocumulus clouds. High clouds are made of ice crystals due to the cold air in the upper sky. The base of a high cloud above the surface can be anywhere from 6000-18000m in the tropics to 3000-8000m in the polar regions.
What are dark storm clouds called?
The low-altitude clouds are called cumulonimbus, cumulus, stratus, stratocumulus, and nimbostratus. CUMULONIMBUS clouds are piled up high like scoops of dark ice cream. These clouds usually bring rain showers.
What is a nimbus cloud?
Nimbostratus are dark, low-level clouds accompanied by light to moderately falling precipitation. Low clouds are primarily composed of water droplets since their bases generally lie below 6,500 feet (2,000 meters). However, when temperatures are cold enough, these clouds may also contain ice particles and snow.
What is fog and what type of cloud is it?
Water vapor normally begins to condense on condensation nuclei such as dust, ice, and salt in order to form clouds. Fog, like its elevated cousin stratus, is a stable cloud deck which tends to form when a cool, stable air mass is trapped underneath a warm air mass. Fog normally occurs at a relative humidity near 100%.
What types of clouds occur above 18000 feet?
Cloud GroupCloud HeightCloud TypesHigh Clouds = CirrusAbove 18,000 feetCirrus Cirrostratus CirrocumulusMiddle Clouds = Alto6,500 feet to 18,000 feetAltostratus AltocumulusLow Clouds = StratusUp to 6,500 feetStratus Stratocumulus Nimbostratus