They are composed of nucleotides, which are monomers made of three components: a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group and a nitrogenous base. If the sugar is a compound ribose, the polymer is RNA (ribonucleic acid); if the sugar is derived from ribose as deoxyribose, the polymer is DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid).
What are the two types of sugars found in nucleic acids?
2 — A 5 carbon sugar, deoxyribose (hence the name deoxyribonucleic acid). There are two sugars found in nucleic acids; ribose is found in RNA (ribonucleic acid) and deoxyribose in DNA.
What is an example of a nucleic acid?
There are five chief types of components in nucleic acids: cytosine, guanine, thymine, uracil, and adenine. Whether the acid contains uracil or thymine determines whether it is DNA (thymine) or RNA (uracil). Deoxyribonucleic acid, also known as DNA, is a well-known component in genetics.
Can you get nucleic acids from food?
All meats, including organ meats, and seafood contain high levels of nucleic acids. Meat extracts and gravies are also notably high. Of these foods, organ meats such as liver have the most nuclei, and are therefore highest in nucleic acids. Conversely, dairy products and nuts are considered low-nucleic acid foods.
What is the use of nucleic acids?
The two main types of nucleic acids in your body are called deoxyribonucleic acid, DNA, and ribonucleic acid, RNA. There are several sub-types of RNA, including messenger RNA, mRNA, transfer RNA, tRNA, and ribosomal RNA, rRNA. DNA stores your genetic information in the nucleus of your cells.
What are the elements of nucleic acids?
Nucleic acids also typically contain phosphorous, and nitrogen plays an important structural role in nucleic acids and proteins. The proteins, being made up a diverse set of amino acids, have, in addition to carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen, the elements sulfur and selenium.
What does a nucleotide consist of?
A nucleotide consists of three things: A nitrogenous base, which can be either adenine, guanine, cytosine, or thymine (in the case of RNA, thymine is replaced by uracil). A five-carbon sugar, called deoxyribose because it is lacking an oxygen group on one of its carbons. One or more phosphate groups.